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Lead Mining in Derbyshire and the Peak District The first smelting of Derbyshire lead ore, known as galena, was some 3500 years ago. Two thousand years ago the Romans made it an important industry and, for two hundred years up to 1780, the Peak was the most important lead mining area in the world.


The Miners Tearms are like to Heathen Greek - Edward Manlove, 1653 A guide to the brief history of lead mining in Derbyshire and notes on the sources available for research (written March 1993, updated June 2020). Administration and Customs There are few primary series for the study of Derbyshire lead mining before the 16th…


This article details some of the history of lead mining in Derbyshire, England.


The heyday of lead mining in the Peak was the 18th century, which saw the greatest volume of ore recovered and major new veins, such as that under Eyam Edge, opened up. By the end of the century many of the mines were quite deep and drainage had become a serious problem, for water problems plagued most of the mines in the area.


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Lead ore was Crown property in most places and the mining area of Derbyshire under royal control was known as the King's Field, with two separately administered divisions, the High and Low Peaks, each further divided into liberties, based on parishes. Wirksworth Wapentake was the Low Peak area of …


A Brief History of Derbyshire Lead Mining. Derbyshire lead has been mined in the limestone areas of the Peak since at least Roman times and possibly before as pieces of melted lead and burnt lead ore have been found in Early Bronze Age barrows. Geologically a mineral-rich magma intruded the fissures and faults in the limestone and as it cooled ...


Why not visit us at the Peak District Mining Museum at Matlock Bath, where you can experience the fascinating history of lead mining in Derbyshire and see one of the oldest surviving engines in the world still working – a water pressure engine built in 1819.The Museum has activities for all the family – you can go on a guided underground tour of nearby Temple Mine and try your hand at ...


A Brief History of Derbyshire Lead Mining. Derbyshire lead has been mined in the limestone areas of the Peak since at least Roman times and possibly before as pieces of melted lead and burnt lead ore have been found in Early Bronze Age barrows. Geologically a mineral-rich magma intruded the fissures and faults in the limestone and as it cooled ...


Mining History 13, 6, Winter 1998, pp1–5; Rieuwerts, J.H. History and gazetteer of the lead mine soughs of Derbyshire. Sheffield, 1987. Slack, R. 'Gentlemen barmasters: a seventeenth century mining dynasty'. Peak District Mines Historical Society Bulletin 12, 4, Winter 1991, pp203–205


It has been claimed that Odin Mine, near Castleton, one of the oldest lead mines in England, may have been worked in the tenth century or even as early as Roman Britain, but it was certainly productive in the 1200s. Derbyshire lead mines are mentioned in the Pipe Rolls.Recent analysis of a Swiss ice-core extracted in 2013 indicates that levels of lead …


The heyday of lead mining in the Peak was the 18th century, which saw the greatest volume of ore recovered and major new veins, such as that under Eyam Edge, opened up. By the end of the century many of the mines were quite deep and drainage had become a serious problem, for water problems plagued most of the mines in the area.


Wapentake is derived from one published in Lead Mining in the Peak District (4th ed., Landmark, 2000) and the map of the soughs, mines and mills in the Wirksworth area is based on maps in 'History and Gazetteer of the lead mine soughs of Derbyshire', by Dr. Rieuwerts (1987). The map of the lead trade routes is based on one in 'The Derbyshire


Slack, R. Lead miner's heyday: the great days of mining in Wirksworth and the Low Peak of Derbyshire. Chesterfield, 2000. Chesterfield, 2000. ISBN 0-950


A collection of documents relating to the history of lead mining in the Peak District; A number of powerful, yet easy to use databases, containing such things as census records for Peak District miners, a comprehensive list of coal and mineral mines in Derbyshire, and newly discovered information about mines in Derbyshire.


With so much lead mining in the area it would have been a very lucrative business and right on the doorstep. In more recent times, Winster men worked at the Mill Close Mine, near Stanton-in-Peak, the richest mine in Britain by 1931, when it raised 26,000 out of the 29,000 tons for the whole of Britain.