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copper oxides have been in common use for some time. Prior to the development of the Sherritt-Gordon process for nickel and cobalt in which copper is recovered as high grade copper sulfide, copper sulfides were economically recovered in a hydrometallurgical process only during the leaching of waste dumps. . Need for Hydrometallurgical Processes


A novel hydrometallurgical process was proposed for selective recovery of Cu, Ag, Au and Pd from waste printed circuit boards (PCBs). More than 99% of copper content was dissolved by using two consecutive sulfuric acid leaching steps in the presence of H2O2 as oxidizing agents.


leaching tank, V(5) ', spilled water is added with a rate V_ w2'; the purpose is to return water/liquid that is spilled throughout the process, and thus to enable keeping the liquid levels constant . In the slurrication and leaching tanks, copper oxide undergoes the following irreversible stoichiometric re-action CuO+H 2SO 4!k CuSO 4 +H 2O;


Copper Leaching, Solvent Extraction, and Electrowinning Technology-Gerald V. Jergensen This book recognizes the growing role of solvent extraction and electrowinning technology in the global copper business. This process is an efficient and cost-effective way to extract copper. These proceedings document the present status of the SX-


2. Heap Leaching. In this technique, the ore is arranged in large heaps. During heap leaching, an aqueous mixture of microorganisms is sprinkled over the leach pile. Then, the solution is collected and processed to help recover even more metal. 3. In-situ Leaching. The ore remains in its natural state while the leaching process takes place.


running process. Sun at al. [14] performed the copper leaching from low grade copper oxide ore by sulphuric acid, and they have obtained leaching percent of cop-per over 90%. Compared with the copper leaching effi-ciency of about 35% in the mill running technology the leaching process has achieved a better economic result.


The first process, vat leaching of high-grade copper oxide ore followed by EW of copper from the leach solution, produced low quality copper cathode at relatively high cost. In 1968 the tonnage of high-grade oxide ores was decreasing and vat leaching was on the decline. The second process, heap and dump leaching of low-


A method of leaching copper from copper sulphide-containing concentrates, such as chalcopyrite, includes using pyrite as a catalyst for ferric reduction in order to eliminate passivation of the chalcopyrite surface, the process being carried out under conditions whereby the pyrite is not materially oxidized, for example by maintaining the operating solution potential at a suitable level.


Metallurgical ContentAcid Leaching Process FlowsheetCHEMISTRY OF COPPER DISSOLUTIONPREPARATION OF THE COPPER ORESTORAGE AND FEEDING THE ORECOPPER LEACHINGCHARGING THE TANKSCOPPER PRECIPITATIONACID SUPPLYPRODUCTION OF SULPHURIC ACID The treatment of copper ores, both oxides and sulfides by means of flotation, …


Leaching offers an alternative to copper mining. First, the ore is treated with dilute sulphuric acid. This trickles slowly down through the ore, over a period of months, dissolving copper to form a weak solution of copper sulphate. The copper is then recovered by electrolysis. This process is known as SX-EW (solvent extraction/electrowinning).


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Heap leaching - Wikipedia

Heap leaching is an industrial mining process used to extract precious metals, copper, uranium, and other compounds from ore using a series of chemical reactions that absorb specific minerals and re-separate them after their division from other earth materials. Similar to in situ mining, heap leach mining differs in that it places ore on a liner, then adds the chemicals via drip systems to the ...


Copper pressure leaching process consists of the following main steps: Concentrate repulping. Pressure oxidation of sulfides. Hot curing. Solid-liquid separation. Neutralization. Copper solvent extraction. Copper electrowinning. Water balance management and bleed treatment.


Process of leaching copper ores. Download PDF Info Publication number US1282415A. US1282415A US127915A US127915A US1282415A US 1282415 A US1282415 A US 1282415A US 127915 A US127915 A US 127915A US 127915 A US127915 A US 127915A US 1282415 A US1282415 A US 1282415A Authority US United States Prior art keywords solution tank ore acid


The first process, vat leaching of high-grade copper oxide ore followed by EW of. More. Leaching copper tailings. case for testing the possibility of leaching the copper tailings. The ore used,was a low grade copper tailing. The are is highly si1icous, which fact is favorable to leaching, as the Si02 does not interfere with the re ...


precipitate copper onto iron (Arbiter and Fletcher, 1994). This process became known as the "cementation process", which is apparently derived from the Spanish word "cementación", meaning precipitation. Over the next three centuries, it was the primary method used to recover dissolved copper from dilute leach solutions, before being


Copper recoveries of 75 85% CuT were obtained after 180–250 days of total leaching time, depending on the copper grade, the mineralogical composition, and the acid consumption of the ore ...


heap leaching of copper ores leaching oxidized copper ores effect of strength of acid in leaching. Heap Leach Pad Design. Because flow is downward in percolation leaching, the leach pad is the most important element of the solution containment system.The leach pad supports the ore heaps, collects solution flowing through the heaps, transports the solution laterally to drainage pipes or …


A few types of leaching processes used industrially for metallurgic purposes include: Heap leaching, a process used to extract copper, uranium, and some precious metals from their ores. Another process in which copper and uranium are recovered is via a process called In-Situ Leaching. Tank Leaching and Vat Leaching are processes wherein the ...


A selective acid leaching process was then used to recover the copper content of the residue after filtration. In the second stage, an additional 1 N of sulphuric acid was added to the suspension in the selective leaching process, and the pH value was controlled at 1.5-2.0. The reagent sodium hydroxide (2 N) was used as leachate at a pH greater ...


Advantages of this process are: See for further information on the leaching process. Escondida in Chile is the biggest copper producer in the world, accounting for 5% …


Phelps Dodge Copper Pressure Leaching Developments Phelps Dodge (& Placer Dome) have developed a suite of proprietary processes, including: High temperature process (HT) Converts essentially all sulfide sulfur to acid Maximizes acid production Suitable for locations where dilute acid can be used beneficially Medium temperature process (MT)


ii. Copper Leaching: To have an idea of bioleaching process copper leaching by bacteria is described as an example. Covellite, chalcocite and chalcopyrite are generally used as copper ores for bioleaching processes. Apart from containing copper, the ores also contain other elements like iron, zinc and sulphur.


of copper, can be converted into a soluble form by leaching, where the chemistry of the process is simple. Copper carbonates and oxides, are present mainly in the oxidation zone - "oxide hats" above the sulphide deposits. Sulphide copper minerals chalcocite, covellite and chalcopyrite, which are mostly


Copper Leaching Practices. For centuries small amounts of copper have been recovered from acid mine-drainage waters. In recent years, the expansion of copper-bearing waste dump leaching for copper recovery has established a technological basis that is rapidly converting the art of copper leaching into a science.


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Copper extraction - Wikipedia

All primary sulfide ores of copper sulfides, and most concentrates of secondary copper sulfides (being chalcocite), are subjected to smelting.Some vat leach or pressure leach processes exist to solubilise chalcocite concentrates and produce copper cathode from the resulting leachate solution, but this is a minor part of the market.. Carbonate concentrates are a relatively minor product ...


The Bureau conducted bench-scale research on a process for treating cobaltite concentrates, comprising (1) oxidative pressure leaching, (2) jarosite precipitation followed by H/sub 2/O/sub 2/ oxidation and pH control to remove iron and arsenic, (3) copper solvent extraction with a mixed hydroxyoxime-amine extractant, (4) copper electrowinning from recirculating acidic strip liquor, …


The process for leaching copper in the present invention will now be explained in detail with reference to FIG. 1. An acid leaching solution is applied to the top of a column apparatus (cylinder) 1 filled with copper sulfide 2. The acid leaching solution flows toward the lower portion of the column apparatus 1 while progressively leaching from ...


A selective leaching process was followed to recover the copper content of the ferrite complex. To promote the dissolution percentage of copper and repress that of iron, additional 0.5 N sulfuric acid was added at intervals to the suspension in the …


Leaching offers an alternative to copper mining. First, the ore is treated with dilute sulphuric acid. This trickles slowly down through the ore, over a period of months, dissolving copper to form a weak solution of copper sulphate. The copper is then recovered by electrolysis. This process is known as SX-EW (solvent extraction/electrowinning).


Since the copper ion is exchanged for hydrogen ion, the aqueous phase is returned to its original acidity and recycled to the leaching step of the process. Meanwhile, the copper-bearing organic phase is stripped of its copper by contacting it with a strongly acidified aqueous solution at which time the copper is moved to the aqueous phase while ...


The aim of this paper is to understand the factors that influence copper leaching from electronic scrap. It is revealed that the bioleaching is greatly influenced by process variables such as Fe 3+ concentration, quantity of stock culture added, and pH. Before starting the leaching process, A. ferrooxidans was cultivated for 3–4 days as stock culture, until the concentration of Fe 3+ ions ...